While many people self-diagnose their skin as sensitive, a true sensitive skin condition is generally caused by genetic predisposition.
Sensitive skin is considered more delicate with less pigment, a thin epidermis and blood vessels close to the skin surface, hence the appearance of redness. Sensitive skin is often the result of a defect in the skin’s protective outer layer (epidermal lipid barrier layer).
Sensitized skin is generally a reflection of one’s environment, lifestyle and physiology:
- IMMUNE SYSTEM: Compromised skin may be caused by foreign substances such as pollen or artificial fragrances.
- NERVOUS SYSTEM: Sensitized or inflamed skin may be the result of the environment, chemical, physical or emotional stress. In the end, it is the combination of genetic susceptibility, immune disruption, nerve activity and epidermal barrier function that contributes to skin sensitivity and inflammation.
- EXCESS EXFOLIATION: Exposure to soap and hot water, and even psychological stress can compromise the skin’s protective barrier, lowering tolerance against potential stressors resulting in sensitization and irritation.